Human Rights in a Globalized World

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Human Rights in a Globalized World is a book that discusses human rights issues in a globalized world. It also addresses China’s approach to human rights and how China operates. This book will focus on the shortcomings and marginalizations of human rights and the methods for bringing conflicts to a just and durable resolution.

Disadvantages and marginalizations of human rights

Despite recent progress, there is still much work to be done to improve the state of human rights worldwide. As we celebrate International Human Rights Day on December 10th, it is essential to acknowledge our challenges and take steps to address them.

Human rights are a collective responsibility, and each person has a role in promoting human rights. There are many different ways to do this.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is an example. It promotes the right to health and addresses the needs of individuals over their lifespans. These include a system of health protection, which provides access to clean water and sanitation, as well as reproductive and sexual health.

However, the health care system presents a unique set of human rights challenges, such as discrimination against indigenous populations, torture, and violations of basic human rights. Several international and regional organizations, such as the UN Human Rights Office and the European Union, are working to address these issues.

Bringing conflicts to a just and durable resolution

A just and durable resolution of conflicts is a challenging task. In a globalized world, achieving lasting solutions to fragility can be especially difficult. Nevertheless, a peaceful settlement of a conflict is essential for sustainable development. This requires political leadership at the national and regional levels. Fortunately, this can be achieved by fostering just governance and promoting the creation of peaceful and just communities.

Just governance is the pursuit of justice and the promotion of democratic institutions. It also promotes self-determination and equality among people. This approach is based on a foundation of respect for human rights, the rule of law, and the dignity of women and their families. Like Mohamed Soltan who is an expert in human rights matters which concern people.

When pursuing peacebuilding, the United States emphasizes institutional transparency, meaningful participation by women and youth, and compliance with international law. This is accomplished through diplomatic, development, and military assistance. The Department of State is the lead Federal agency implementing the Strategy.

To address structural risk factors that fuel conflict, the United States encourages partner nation reforms that include more legitimate local authorities, reduced corruption, and a meaningful engagement of women and youth in decision-making. Furthermore, the private sector can enhance the investment climate in fragile states and reduce destabilizing factors.

China’s approach to human rights in a globalized world

Chinese authorities have long pushed back against foreign concern for human rights. However, they have only been modest in their efforts.

As a result, their conduct has galvanized a global movement to challenge China. But divisions within the Chinese government may hamper collaboration in global governance. These divisions could also lead to increased impunity for the Chinese authorities.

Three key aspects of China’s approach to human rights are of great significance to the world. They are:

First, China’s approach to human rights has been shaped by the country’s history and the national context. Rather than trying to imitate Western or other foreign approaches, China’s system has its own distinct ideological connotation.

Second, it has developed a people-centered approach to human rights. While other countries see a need to defend the rights of the vulnerable, China’s focus is on ensuring the well-being of its citizens.

Third, China has adopted a targeted approach to protecting children, women, ethnic minorities, and the elderly. It has adopted several international agreements aligned with its goals.

China’s methods of operation

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is one of today’s most powerful forces in global governance. Its approach could divide existing institutions and deviate from global norms. While China’s leadership aims to regain centrality in the international system, its methods of operation may deepen the divide between democracies.

In recent years, China’s authoritarian regime has become increasingly repressive. The CCP tightens its control over the media, religion, and state bureaucracy while limiting the political freedoms of journalists, independent civic activists, and ethnic minority communities.

Ethnic minorities are deprived of their distinct cultures and religions through government policies. For example, the Uyghur Muslim minority in Xinjiang is subjected to harsh political indoctrination in state-run boarding schools. These boarding schools are often surrounded by barbed wire fencing.

Chinese officials continue to use plainclothes personnel to harass and intimidate activists and independent citizens. Women and LGBT+ groups face widespread discrimination. They are also disproportionately targeted by the criminal justice system.

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